When the lead firm driving sustainability is from a developing country

Online the book chapter “Social Entrepreneurship and Upgrading in Emerging Economies: The Indian Case of Industree and Its Brand Mother Earth”

If we have been used to think to sustainability as leaded by developed countries’ firms, with this case we aim at keeping the discussion going on the increasing role of developing countries firms – rising powers – not just from an economic standpoint but also from a sustainability one. Indeed, we describe how the company successfully managed to implement a socially (and to a lesser extent environmentally) sustainable supply chain, supporting the upgrading of their local suppliers, mostly poor artisans living in the countryside.

More info at: Bettiol M., De Marchi V., Di Maria E. (2018) Social Entrepreneurship and Upgrading in Emerging Economies: The Indian Case of Industree and Its Brand Mother Earth. In: Leal-Millan A., Peris-Ortiz M., Leal-Rodríguez A. (eds) Sustainability in Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Innovation, Technology, and Knowledge Management. Springer, Cham

Nuovi processi sostenibili concia: che impatti economici e sociali?

Nel distretto di Arzignano (VI) della pelle sono stati sviluppate innovazioni di processo per ridurre utilizzo di acqua e prodotti chimici del 20% rispetto a processo conciario tradizionale, che è altamente inquinante.

Quali saranno gli impatti economici e sociali di tali nuovi processi, sviluppati all’interno del progetto europeo GreenLIFE se fossero implementati a pieno regime? Insieme ad Eleonora di Maria abbiamo svolto un’analisi degli impatti. Qui le slide dell’estratto di tale rapporto presentato a Montorso Vicentino martedì 9/5/17: (https://www.slideshare.net/greenLIFEproject/greenleather2017-valentina-de-marchi-universit-di-padova)

Quanto si innova in Veneto?

I dati europei raccontano di un Veneto solo moderatamente innovatore. Eppure conosciamo molte imprese nel territorio riconosciute a livello internazionale per la loro capacità di introdurre nuovi prodotti o processi spesso radicali.

Come spiegare questo paradosso? Ce lo siamo chiesti insieme a Roberta Apa, Silvia Sedita e Roberto Grandinetti, svolgendo un’analisi che ci ha portato a descrivere una ‘Via Veneto’ all’innovazione, con meno ricerca e sviluppo formalizzata, ma più diffusa e aperta alle collaborazioni con università e altri soggetti esterni.

Qui l’infografica che descrive i principali risultati, presentati anche al Galileo Festival dell’Innovazione.

Per maggiori info: Apa R., De marchi V., Grandinetti R., Sedita S.R. (2016), Oltre la visione tecnocratica dell’innovazione: i risultati di una ricerca sulle piccolo-medie imprese, Economia e Società Regionale, 3 DOI: 10.3280/ES2016-003007

Infografica su innovazione PMI Veneto – ricerca 2016 – de marchi

Environmental policy vs. environmental strategies: the impact on offshoring decision

The effectiveness of policy pressure in engendering firms’ better environmental performance is a hot issue on the current policy agenda, but the chance for firms to relocate their activities where environmental regulations are less stringent may undermine the effectiveness of the policy instruments designed to reduce polluting emissions. By investigating policy-related and strategy-related elements on Italian manufacturing firms, in the paper ‘Governing offshoring in a stringent environmental policy setting: Evidence from Italian manufacturing firms. Journal of Cleaner Production we suggest that offshoring decisions relate more to a firm’s self-imposed pressure to reduce its environmental impact by means of an appropriate environmental sustainability strategy and on its overall market and ICT strategy rather then by policy stringency. This is especially true when it comes to FDI (as respect to international outsourcing). Furthermore, such a conclusion holds when considering offshoring decision in developing countries as well, even if in here policy stringency plays a slightly larger role.

Evolving clusters at the I Workshop d’economia Valenciana

On November 4th, 2016, I got the pleasure to present my research in progress on the evolutionary trajectories of Italian industrial districts in Global Value Chains during a Keynote at the I workshop d’economia Valencia (www.econval.org). You can find the presentation in slideshare by clicking here.

 

 

How innovative are (Italian) regions?

Today the paper “Regional Innovation Systems or Innovative regions? Evidence from Italy“, which I co-authored with Roberto Grandinetti has been released by Tijdschrift.

In this article we delve into the discussion of what drives the innovativeness of regions, studying the performance of all Italian regions via the perspective of the RIS (regional innovation systems) literature.

The analysis on 2008 CIS data, reveals a new geography of innovation in the country as compared to results emerging from studies on the 1990s, suggesting a high dynamism in innovation capabilities of Italian regions. Four clusters of regions are identified, but none of them can be described as a true RIS: the most innovative ones (Veneto, Emilia-Romagna, Lombardia, Piemonte) lack ‘systemicness’ and those that come closest to the RIS model (Friuli Venezia Giulia, Marche, Trentino Alto Adige, Basilicata) have not the best innovative performance.

Wine industrial districts in glocal value chains

Why are some districts well on the road to decline, while others have succeeded in evolving and reproducing the district form? In this paper, we seek an answer to this question by studying Italian wine clusters, supporting that the global value analysis perspective is useful in order to see where Italian industrial districts are heading and suggesting the powerful role of “communications machines” played by non-manufacturing intermediaries within what could be named glocal value chains.

 

 

Workshop ‘Evolving industrial districts within Global Value Chains’

The 7th of April, in Padova we will discuss about how the global dimension is compatible with sub regional contexts for value creation at the Workshop ‘Evolving industrial districts within Global Value Chains’, which I co-organized together with Gary Gereffi (Duke U.).

Have a look at the agenda and the key themes discussed at the page: http://www.economia.unipd.it/evolving-ids-within-global-and-regional-vcs

Implementare comunicazione e reti di fornitura green per le PMI

Che strategie possono implementare le PMI per coniugare una produzione sostenibile e un ritorno di mercato? Quale il ruolo delle relazioni di fornitura e l’importanza di comunicarlo in modo efficace?

Ne parlo con Eleonora di Maria nella rivista Mercati e Competitività con l’articolo “Eco-innovazione, relazioni di fornitura e implicazioni per la comunicazione nelle piccole imprese: un focus sulla moda italiana” a partire dall’esperienza di tre start-up della moda italiana: Ecogeco, Ragioniamo con i Piedi e Re-bello.

Certificazioni ambientali, CSR, GPP a Ecomondo

Martedì 3 Novembre sarò ad Ecomondo, all’interessante convegno “Le certificazioni ambientali per la responsabilità aziendale (CSR) e per gli acquisti pubblici verdi (GPP)” organizzato da FSC Italia, Eco-print, Vireo Srl in cui si discuterà delle varie certificazioni ambientali disponibili e del loro potenziale impatto in termini economici ed ambientali, con uno sguardo privilegiato al loro ruolo per il comparto pubblico attraverso il Green Public Procurement.